Posted September 16, 2018 09:16:14 A new paper by researchers at the University of Colorado, Boulder has provided the first evidence that the Earths magnetic field is made up of many different types of charged particles.
The new research, which was published today in Nature Communications, indicates that the magnetic field of the Earth is not composed of one or two specific types of ions, but rather many different combinations of these ions.
“The key point here is that these are not just different types, but different kinds of particles, which can all have different properties,” said study co-author Thomas T. Riehle, professor of physics at CU Boulder.
“This paper is the first time we have shown this in an experimental setup.”
The researchers used the magnetic fields generated by Earth’s auroras to study the interactions between different types and sizes of charged ions and found that the entire magnetic field was made up almost entirely of these ion particles.
“It’s not just one kind of particle,” said Riehan, who is also a professor of geophysics and astronomy at the CU Boulder College of Science.
“It’s a very complex system that can be described by a bunch of different kinds and sizes.”
Tests conducted by the team found that electrons that form the magnetic components of the magnetic force in the Earth are composed of two types of particles: potassium electrons and phosphorous valence electron.
These particles are very strong and can penetrate and interact with other particles.
Because they can do so, they also form a very strong magnetic field in the atmosphere.
The researchers also found that a very small fraction of these particles, called potassium and phosphorus electrons, were formed by different kinds or types of ion particles called argon atoms.
These are electrons with a very short half-life, which means they can’t travel much farther than the speed of light.
Riehles lab is focused on understanding the formation and evolution of the magnetosphere, the layer of magnetic field energy that forms in the inner atmosphere.
While there is some debate about what makes up this layer, the scientists have found that it is composed mostly of ions.
These ions form the basis of the entire Earth’s magnetosphere and are believed to act as a protective barrier that protects the planet from solar radiation.
Because the Earth receives a tremendous amount of solar energy, it is thought that the planet’s magnetic properties could be affected by the amount of energy released.
“We were looking at this in terms of how much energy does the Earth receive in the solar system,” Riehl said.
“And in general, we found that that the energy of the solar winds is much higher in the interior of the planet than in the outer atmosphere.
This means that the interior is much hotter, and the interior has more ions than the outer.
The interior is also hotter than the solar wind.
That means that there’s a much higher energy in the magnetic environment of the interior than in any other part of the world.”
The team used this new information to find a way to measure how many ion particles were present in a particular region of the atmosphere in order to measure the concentration of different types in that region.
They found that in regions with very few ion particles, the entire area was much more ionized, which indicates that there is a much larger amount of ionized matter present.
This results in a stronger magnetic field, which also makes the surrounding areas more unstable.
“This is the only way we have found so far to detect ionization in the entire atmosphere,” Riedhl said, “so that we can say with a high degree of confidence that there are lots of ionic particles in the upper atmosphere.”
Riehs team is also using the new information in order, in part, to find the origin of the geomagnetic activity of the outer space environment.
Previous work showed that the auroras are triggered by the release of a high-energy particle, which is a very high-density type of particle.
But Riehs and his team have found something new that can explain why there are so many ionic particle releases in the region of outer space.
“When we look at the aurora, we don’t see very many ion particle releases, and then when we look in the ionosphere, we find ionization, and that’s when we start to see the geophysical activity of outerspace,” Rieshl said.
“It was this new finding that led Riehr to conclude that the ion particles that are released from the auroral regions are caused by high-speed particles that have escaped from the outer regions of space.
They have accelerated down through the atmosphere, and this is where they have accelerated into the Earth.
The process is a lot like the process that causes earthquakes, which you see happen in earthquakes, and when you get a lot of these kinds of ions you start to create a much stronger